The MNA bylaws reflect the spirit of democracy embodied by the forefathers of the Nation and evidenced by the articles of the Provisional Government established in 1869 in response to the sale of the Métis Homeland to Canada by the Hudson Bay Company, just one instance of the exercise of
Métis sovereignty in Canadian history.
As then, today the MNA Bylaws provide guidance and direction on the governance structure and role of the Métis government, including accountability to its citizens through the Annual General Assembly (AGA) held every year in August. The Assembly is the core of Métis Nation governance as it is the key opportunity for citizens of the Nation to debate changes to the bylaws as well as provide direction to the leadership of the nation going forward. The AGA is also an important tool in maintaining culture and identity of the Métis Nation as citizens from across the province are able to meet annually to celebrate
Métis culture, heritage and community.
The bylaws of the Métis Nation of Alberta can only be changed at an annual assembly through special resolution. Special resolutions must propose changes to the bylaws and be presented to the Métis Nation prior to an assembly. When an AGA is called, the Secretary of the MNA also calls for submission of special resolutions. Any citizen of the MNA may put forward a special resolution for review. All submitted special resolutions are posted publicly prior to the AGA so that citizens may review them before they attend the meeting. A resolutions committee is also established by MNA leadership with representation from all 6 MNA Regions and the mandate to review the validity of resolutions to be debated at the floor of an assembly. Resolutions may be deemed invalid for a number of reasons, such as they do not recommend changes to the bylaws, have not considered the impact of a change to other sections of the bylaws (cause the bylaws to become contradictory), do not have a mover and seconder identified on the submitted resolution, or a mover or seconder is not a current citizen of the MNA. All special resolutions are read by the Chair of the committee to the assembly and the decision of the committee is shared. If the resolution is valid it is debated. If the resolution is invalid, an explanation for the decision is provided and the resolution is not put to a vote.
Valid resolutions are voted upon by the assembly following, what is often times, lively debate. In order to passed at an AGA, 75% of the established quorum of the AGA must vote in favour of the resolution. If the threshold is not reached, the resolution is defeated and the bylaws do not change. If passed, the changes are made to the bylaws and the updated bylaws are made available following the AGA.
Please utilize the following document to learn about the MNA governing structure: